The approved grade of cement, less than 1monthold should be used. Perhaps this is why the metric brick 20 x10 x 5 cm has not been acceptable. Garden walls built using flemish bond are one bricks wide. A brick construction pattern with alternate courses of brick laid as stretchers and headers forms an english bond.
This book shows a flemish bond, a monk bond, a dutch bond, an english bond, an english cross bond, a scottish bond. The bond of brickwork gave wall strength and pattern. Bond a bond is the patterned arrangement of brick or stone in a wall. Headers and stretchers are laid in alternate courses. Difference between english bond and flemish bond are as follows. Flemish bond is further divided into two different types namely. Flemish bond plural flemish bonds masonry in bricklaying, an arrangement of bricks such that each course consists of alternate bricks having their short sides headers and long sides stretchers facing outwards, with alternate courses being offset. The following rules relate to good bonding in all walls of any bond whatever. Alternate bricks laid headerstretcher with the back end of the header lining up with the centre of the stretcher on the rear.
Hakan svensson bonding may be achieved by overlapping alternate courses rows or layers in brickwork, by using metal ties, and by inserting units vertically so they join adjacent courses. The flemish bond which was one of the first popular bonds and seen in many georgian and victorian properties. Header, stretcher, and gardenwall bond 105 but this variety of bond is more generally known as facing bond. If mortar is placed carefully on the bricks some of it will fall into the cavities and be wasted. Flemish bond, in masonry, method of bonding bricks or stones in courses.
Attractive brown brick wall texture in flemish bond brickwork pattern brickwork masonry arch in flemish bond with shallow depth of focus flemish bond brickwork flemish bond brick wall english brick bond with old bricks modern red horizontal and vertical ornamental brickwork, masonry wall colorful orange brick wall background in a flemish stretcher bond pattern. Flemish bond is often considered the most attractive of bonds. Bespoke brick can arrange for snapped headers to be precut from whole bricks and delivered stretcher bond header bond. Sep 17, 2015 in this type of bond each course comprises of alternate header and stretcher fig4. The english bond tended to seen more in industrial buildings. A flemish bond is a brick construction pattern that consists of alternate stretchers and headers for each course. After previous designers had discovered the need to bond brickwork together to maintain maximum strength, architects became influenced by the flemish approach to building and began to break up large areas of walling with highly decorative. For example, in the uk a brick is defined as a unit having dimensions less than 337. This is the technique of laying courses of bricks one above the other so that only the long sides or stretchers are visible.
Headers used in this manner may also be called throughstones. Where the brickwork is not rendered you can see at least four different styles of bricklaying. Bond in brickwork is the arrangement by which the bricks of every course cover the joints of those in the course below it, and so bonding. This can be avoided by holding a piece of wood about 3feet x 3inches x 34inch over the middle of the wall to cover the cavities while applying the mor tar. It is composed of header bricks, set in rows that are offset. It will be too heavy and too big to pick up with one hand.
Feb 18, 2016 a love letter to circas alltime favorite architectural detail. Common bond may be varied by using a flemish header course. As with any wall built of brick, no two adjacent vertical joints should be in line. Alternate bricks, headerstretcher, in each course 4040 4080 120 80 73mm. Modern cavity walls are built in the monotonous stretcher bond. The stretchers, laid with the length of the wall, develop longitudinal bonding strength. The headers and stretchers alternate in each course. The diagram below shows three common ways of laying bricks. In this elevation view for a wall in flemish bond, heading bricks appear in brown, stretching bricks in orange, and queen closers in lilac. English bond is much stronger than flemish bond for the walls thicker more than 1. With a straight wall this is not a problem, just offset each course so that the header bricks are centred on the stretcher bricks on the course. Bonding may be achieved by overlapping alternate courses rows or layers in brickwork, by using metal ties, and by inserting units vertically so they join adjacent courses.
Flemish bond, also known as dutch bond, has throughout history been considered the most decorative bond, and for this reason was used extensively for dwellings until the adoption of the cavity wall. Mortar mortar is a pasty building material composed of sand, lime and cement mixed with water. The bonding of brickwork is the arrangement of brickwork by the pattern of headers the shorter face of the brick and stretchers the longer face of the brick. Bricklaying video how to build english bond wall, today we are repairing wall that fell down on a church in horwich, the wall is built in english bond, hope you enjoy. From this book you will learn in what order the bricks are laid when building brick walls. The most common form of bond on historic buildings is flemish bond. A love letter to circas alltime favorite architectural detail. Through the use of these bonds and variations of the color and texture of the brick, and of the joint types and color, an almost unlimited number of patterns can be developed.
The vertical joints are staggered each time by half a brick. Uses of flemish bond is a bit difficult than english bond. This method is particularly strong as the width of the wall is the whole length of a brick. Double flemish, single flemish, heading, stretching, raking, garden wall, boundary wall, sussex, scotch, and dutch. Brickwork is masonry produced by a bricklayer, using bricks and mortar. This mixture gradually hardens when exposed to the air. More complicated bonds, which usually necessitate more grinding work, can substantially raise the price. In this investigation two brick masonry walls of flemish bond, one straight wall and other t shaped wall, encased with ferro cement were tested. Flemish bond shows more attractive and pleasing appearance of masonry work.
Modular and nonmodular brick masonry is discussed, including overall dimensioning of masonry walls using various brick unit sizes. Oct 02, 2019 flemish bond plural flemish bonds masonry in bricklaying, an arrangement of bricks such that each course consists of alternate bricks having their short sides headers and long sides stretchers facing outwards, with alternate courses being offset. Brick masonry is built with bricks bonded together with mortar. Jul 10, 20 flemish bond double flemish is shown in the figure. In some localities the term garden bond is applied to walls built so as to show three stretchers and one header in each course, as in fig. English, english cross, double flemish, single flemish, heading, stretching, raking, garden wall, boundary wall, sussex, scotch, and dutch. The workmen should be strictly supervised as they proceed with the work, for many failures are due. One brick thick 215mm total stretchers headers total stretchers headers stretcher bond all stretchers 65mm 60 73mm 54 60 54 0 0 120 108 120 108 0 0 header bond. English bond and flemish bond are the two most common brick masonry patterns used in wall construction. This bond is a combination of english bond and flemish bond. The choice in brickwork bond can also influence the budget. This produces a solid wall that is a full brick in depth, is easy to lay and is the strongest bond for a onebrickthick wall.
Running bond is common in brick veneer walls and wall cavity construction. Used for walls requiring a good appearance and strength. Header bond header bond also known as spanish bond was a very common bond for bearing walls. Types of bonds in brick masonry wall construction and. Double flemish bond has the same appearance both in the front and back elevations, i. Sir plz send me pdf file for competition level about bond in brick masonary sir plz.
A colour coded elevation view for a wall in flemish bond. Brick is a basic building unit which is in the form of rectangular block in which length to. In silt content test we have discussed how silt content affects the strength. To break the vertical joints queen closers are required, if a course starts with header. Jan 11, 2018 bricklaying video how to build english bond wall, today we are repairing wall that fell down on a church in horwich, the wall is built in english bond, hope you enjoy. Flemish bond is economical as it uses broken brick bats, although it requires some extra mortar for additional. Header bond is created by rows of headers, only displaced by half a brick on each row. The stretcher bond is more commonly found in present modern housing as it is suitable for a single brick skin allowing for a cavity and block wall behind. As in english bond, the lap is produced by placing a queencloser next to the quoinheader in every course. Comparatively less strong for walls more than 30cm thick. Jan 07, 2015 bond in brickwork is the arrangement by which the bricks of every course cover the joints of those in the course below it, and so bonding. Flemish bonds can be replicated in the halfbrick outer leaf of a cavity wall by using. Twisted pillars this animation shows the construction of a twisted brick pillar, 440 by 440mm and offset by 10 degrees due to the lack of plumbing points, it can sometimes be difficult for beginners, to keep such spirals absolutely upright.
It can be found on many modern and historical buildings. Similar to english bond but a header is placed next to the end stretcher on every alternate stretcher course 5327 53 80107 54 65mm. Headers and stretchers are laid alternately in each course. Skilled labor is not required for its construction. The brick must be lapped upon one another, to prevent vertical joints from falling over each other. Each course of brick consists of alternate stretchers and headers, with the headers in alternate courses centered over the stretchers in the intervening courses. English cross bond for creating pattern bricks in english bond or painted english. Typically, rows of bricks called courses are laid on top of one another to build up a structure such as a brick wall bricks may be differentiated from blocks by size. Flemish bond is further divided into two different types namely, 1. A brick course laid flat with the short end of the brick exposed.
When this big brick is burned it is likely to warp, bend and crack. This type of bonding cannot be adopted in walls less than one and a half brick. Alternate bricks, headerstretcher, in each course 3636 36 72108 72 flemish bond half brick width 102mm one brick width 215mm. A bond course of headers units laid with their ends toward the face of the wall can be used to bond exterior masonry to backing masonry. If you make a larger brick and use more than one scoop of mud, you will have to bend down twice to pick up enough mud. The appearance of double flemish bond is shown in fig. In this work the facing of the wall consists of flemish bond and the backing consists of english bond in each course. The cheapest option is to use what is termed stretcher bond. Types of brick bonds some of the different types of brick bonds are, 1. Flemish bond is economical as it uses broken brick bats, although it requires some extra mortar for additional joints. Oct 07, 2009 where the brickwork is not rendered you can see at least four different styles of bricklaying. The normal single outer skin of 102 mm brickwork has alternate headers and stretchers. This type of bonding cannot be adopted in walls less than one. As detailed in the stepbystep instruction, this is a variation of the running bond, with a course of fulllength headers placed at regular intervals for structure bonding.
Flemish bond, american bond, garden wall bond, and english bond. Every header is centrally supported on the stretcher below it. Difference between english bond and flemish bond civil. Ensure that all required construction tools, accessories, and materials are available at the work place. Flemish bond brick pattern is the most common and classic of brick laying patterns.
English bond is made up of alternating courses of stretchers and headers. Defects in brick masonry due to poor workmanships and its remedies. The workmen should be strictly supervised as they proceed with the work, for many. It is created by alternately laying headers and stretchers in a single course. Single flemish bond is a combination of english bond and. Flemish bond brickwork, also known as dutch bond brickwork, has long been prized as aesthetically pleasing and visually interesting.
Creative masons may alternate courses of brick even further, with a block of flemish bond up to a certain height, followed by courses laid out in other patterns. Difference between english bond and flemish bond civil snapshot. It is therefore the most economical bond pattern and is extensively used in modern building. Bond in general brickwork is done in english bond, however different types of bonds can also be used if asked for e. It is also one of the most difficult brick patterns to lay properly because every brick must be lined up perfectly horizontally and vertically. One brick thick 215mm total stretchers headers total stretchers headers stretcher bond all stretchers 65mm 60 73mm 54 60 54 0. The stretcher bond is more commonly found in present modern housing as it is suitable for a single brick skin allowing. For common bond, a threequarter brick should start each way from the corner at the header course. Types of bonds in brick masonry wall construction and their. If the wall is arranged such that the bricks at the rear do not have this pattern, then the brickwork is said to be single flemish bond. The lap is produced by placing a queencloser next to the quoin header in every course. Brickwork that appears as flemish bond from both the front and the rear is double flemish bond, so called on account of the front and rear duplication of the pattern.1429 104 485 782 709 1306 318 888 1508 263 399 16 1035 607 1104 937 618 1223 637 249 23 55 851 1207 768 240 1237 1141 1310 193 630 1008 54 674 132 1348