More than a century after her birth on august 23, 1904, and just several weeks before her death on february 8, 2005, louise rosenblatt was still making scholarly contributions to the field when her book. Rosenblatt 1978 focuses not only on the readers 9 downloaded by michigan state university at 15. Professor rosenblatts research interests include harmonic analysis, both classical and abstract, dynamical systems, probability theory, functional analysis, and applications of analysis in science and engineering. Rosenblatts combined training in literature, anthropology, and the other social sci. Instead of the traditional approaches of taking tests, answering questions on study guides, or writing contrived book reports, my students were given opportuni. It is the readers activities on the text that creates meaning out of the inkblots by what rosenblatt posits as a transaction between the reader and the text. Rosenblatt new york university january 1988 university of illinois at urbanachampaign 51 gerty drive champaign, illinois 61820 portions of this paper were presented at the conference on reading and writing connections sponsored by the center for the. Through her teaching, her writing, and her work for the national council of teachers of english, she has reshaped our conception of the literature classroom, transforming it into a. Literature as exploration, rosenblatt, louise m on. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the creative commons cc0 license. Recontextualizing louise rosenblatts transactional. Professor rosenblatt was a program officer at nsf 20062008. She continued her studies in paris, receiving a phd in comparative literature from the sorbonne in 1931. Transactional theory in the teaching of literature.
Rosenblatt, literary critic and english educator, has powerfully influenced reading instruction for six decades. The reader response theory is a topdown model in which readers gain meaning from texts through transactions between the reader and the text. Louise rosenblatt proposes that readers have two main positions or purposes in readingthe efferent stance, where readers focus on the information in a text, and the aesthetic stance, where readers focus on the experience they have with a text. Only in the last decade, however, has the importance of her ideas about the transactional nature of reading been. What is the difference between efferent and aesthetic reading, according to rosenblatt. Wiedrick historical education curriculum collection textbooks. Louise rosenblatt, literature as exploration, 5th ed. She is best known as a researcher into the teaching of literature. The reader brings to the work personality traits, memories of past events, present needs and preoccupations, a particular mood of the moment and a particular physical condition. The purpose of this paper is to summarize louise rosenblatts transactional theory of reader response, to evaluate her work from a biblically informed frame of reference and to suggest. He also serves as chairman of the firms environmental group. Rosenblatt s transactional theory of reading places emphasis on the relation between reader and text while constructing meaning.
Louise rosenblatts literature as exploration has influenced literary theorists and teachers of literature at all levels. Louise rosenblatt quotes author of making meaning with texts. Frank rosenblatt, my distinguished advisor george nagy, phd cornell 1962 abstract frank rosenblatt 19281971 pioneered the connectionist approach for explaining how biological systems sense, process, organizeand use information. Pdf louise rosenblatts theory of literary experience was a landmark in twentiethcentury contributions to aesthetics, pedagogy, and literary. Transactionalreader response theory by gentry pier on prezi. Louise rosenblatt 19042004 taught at barnard college, brooklyn college, and new york universitys school of education. Unlocking louise rosenblatts 1938, 1978 reader response theory provides pedagogical tools for increasing student interaction with texts. Louise rosenblatt was a pioneer in reader response theory.
Rachel ross rosenblatt shareholder 333 commerce street suite 1450 nashville, tn 37201 main. Rosenblatt argues that the term interaction conjures a picture of separate objects encountering one another but remaining essentially. The term transaction, adopted from deweys 2008 epistemological writings implies that, during the reading process, the self of the reader and the text are more flexible. The ideas of both these schools were closely affiliated with the focus.
This course is centered on theories of readerresponse, focusing primarily on the transactional theory of literature as developed by louise rosenblatt. In fact, louise rosenblatts classic work on reader response literary criticism, literature as exploration, first published in 1938, has served as a model for the teaching of literary texts for more than 50 years. This collection of original essays by some of the most respected readerresponse theorists here and abroad focuses on the work of louise rosenblatt. Rosenblatt 1978 views the text as an object of paper and ink until some reader responds to the marks on the page as verbal symbols 23. Through her teaching, her writing, and her work for the national council of teachers of english, she has reshaped our conception of the literature classroom, transforming it into a place.
Theory into practice summer 1999 expanding the worlds of childrens literature meaning making but also on. Lrcengl 680 readerresponse theories fall 2011 course description. This dissertation explores the history of louise rosenblatts transactional. Her literature as explorationhas for some fifty years had a significant effect on the way literature is taught in our schools. Unlocking louise rosenblatts 1938, 1978 re ader response theory provides pedagogi cal tools for increasing student interaction with tex ts. Honoring louise rosenblatt reading that promote factual rather than thoughtful comprehension, inhibit criticalthinking skills, and limit preparation for enfranchisement in a democracy. Reader response by louise rosenblatt i will favor the process model of instruction as it is more studentcentered and it asks that the teacher establish the most favorable conditions wherein students can make meaning for themselves farrell 71. Introducing the 1968 edition of this book, first published in 1938, james r. They also helped pave the way for a lot of other literary schools that followed in the 1970s and 1980s, like poststructuralism and new historicism. All content included on our site, such as text, images, digital downloads and other, is the property of its content suppliers and protected by.
Transactional theory, as it applies to literary criticism and the teaching of literature, suggests a reciprocal, mutually defining relationship rosenblatt, 1986 between the reader and the literary text. The transactional theory of the literary work by louise m. He based his models on the results of previous research. The influence of louise rosenblatt notice and note. Rosenblatt contends that literature must become personal for it to have its full impact on the reader. Rosenblatt is the author of literature as exploration 4. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. This attractive trade paperback edition features a new foreword by wayne booth, a new preface and retrospective chapter by the author, and an updated list of suggested readings. The following interview was conducted as part of a doctoral seminar. Rosenblatts transactional theory of literacy and the transfer of. Connell on february 8, 2005, louise michelle rosenblatt passed away at the age of 100. Building on louise rosenblatts influential transactional theory of reading, the authors theorize restorying as a participatory textual practice in which young people use new media tools to inscribe themselves into existence. Reader response theoryrosenblatt by sara kraatz on prezi.
Selected essays by louise rosenblatt in fb2, fb3, rtf download ebook. Louise rosenblatt, pioneer in reading theory and the. Continue to explore in memory of louise rosenblatt 19042005 jeanne m. These and many other elements in a nevertobeduplicated combination determine his response to the text.
Sara kraatz lbst 12520 resources rosenblatt and her theory louise rosenblatts influential 1938 work literature as exploration rosenblatt believed that the reading of any work of literature is, of necessity, an individual and unique. All content included on our site, such as text, images, digital downloads and other, is the property of its content suppliers and protected by us and international. Louise rosenblatt from wikipedia, the free encyclopedia louise michelle rosenblatt 23 august 1904 in atlantic city, new jersey 8 february 2005 in arlington, virginia was an american university professor. Unlocking louise rosenblatt s 1938, 1978 reader response theory provides pedagogical tools for increasing student interaction with texts. This article describes a third, deferent stance of. An advocate for nurturing democratic participation through literary transactions i n order to carry out their responsibility to participate, citizens in a democracy must be able to hear and view multiple perspectives from which they can develop their own interpretations of events. The authors build on theorists from mikhail bakthin to noliwe rooks in order to illustrate tensions between. Literature as exploration by louise rosenblatt 1938 rosenblatt pioneered readerresponse theory with this study, in which she considers how the readers response is critical to our understanding of a literary work. In the classroom classroom applications the students role is to actively participate in the lessons, making them meaningful through a variety of unique responses. Applying the readerresponse theory to literary texts in. In this way, rosenblatt viewed reading as a process in which the reader, with his or her past.
Squire says, it is one of the very few books on the teaching of english that i believe all teachers should read. Readerresponse theorists helped dethrone new criticism from its privileged position by, well, drawing attention to the reader. Louise rosenblatt sequently, while teaching at barnard college, rosenblatt undertook graduate studies in anthropology with professors franz boas, the great founder of american anthropology, and ruth benedict. Rosenblatts transactional reader response and miall and kuikens foregrounding theories support the notion that stylistic devices have the capacity to create evocation, which could heighten the. Professor rosenblatts pioneering scholarship not only changed the conversation within the field of literary theory, but also has had a profound influence on. Louise michelle rosenblatt 23 august 1904 in atlantic city, new jersey 8 february 2005 in arlington, virginia was an american university professor. Download limit exceeded you have exceeded your daily download allowance. Retired new york university professor louise rosenblatt, who developed a revolutionary approach to reading and the teaching of literature with the 1938 publication of literature as exploration appletoncentury.718 692 1329 1125 257 937 506 561 725 168 1277 1404 65 975 127 565 360 1454 41 737 1374 784 1404 1532 20 1328 144 513 915 1509 347 851 1218 999 1097 1312 851 1402