Purpose considered a strong method for exploratory investigations, case study research has become part of the mainstream approach, particularly in the field of humanitarian logistics hl and. In the immediate aftermath of any disaster, these supplies include items that are vital for survival, such as food, water, temporary shelter and medicine, among others. Field vehicle fleet management in humanitarian operations. This is perhaps the biggest environmental disaster. The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework for crafting case study research in hl, based on an analysis of published case studybased. It is based on research conducted by the humanitarian research group. An academic perspective peter tatham and gyongi kovacs personal stories 18 cristina munoz the challenge of finding work in the charity sector. The impact on affected populations can be all the more limited as much as the logistics operations in response to emergencies are effective and efficient. More than 180 participants converged on the georgia tech conference center in february with the common goal of enhancing humanitarian logistics. In response to this trend humanitarian agencies are looking for more efficient and effective solutions. Humanitarian logistics is increasingly present in helping the suffering and rescue of people affected by disasters.
Humanitarian supply chain model for flood relief a case study. With this in mind, the paper walks us through the complexities of managing supply chains in humanitarian settings. To satisfy heightened public and donor scrutiny, those operating in this space must demonstrate increased transparency and deliver proven results. Transpor tation research the objective is to total network costs, which are generalized costs that. Abstract this case study aims to validate the framework for disaster relief logistics, by using the events that. The humanitarian supply chain is a complicated, dynamic, and powerful mechanism. Relief refers to the emergency food, shelter and services provided in the immediate aftermath of a natural or manmade disaster.
Humanitarian logistics and disaster relief research. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Download pdf humanitarianlogistics free online new. Global shelter cluster international federation of redcross and redcrescent societies and the united nations high commisioner for refugees.
However, this definition focuses only on the physical flow of. This paper builds on the idea that private sector logistics can and should be applied to improve the performance of disaster logistics but that before embarking on this the private sector needs to understand the core capabilities of humanitarian logistics. Study on international humanitarian transport, logistics. Humanitarian logistics management a case of phailin. Gaps in the transport and logistics capacities of the humanitarian supply chain were identified through mapping assets and functions that can be reasonably expected, measured, and evaluated within the context of the three disaster scenario from the. Conclusion this case studies for humanitarian logistics operations in a number of organisations that operate in zimbabwe. Factors influencing procurement performance in humanitarian.
Study on international humanitarian transport, logistics and stockpiling capacities. Humanitarian logistics is defined as the process of planning, implementing and controlling the efficient, cost effective flow and storage of goods and materials as well as related information from the point of origin to the point of consumption for the. Humanitarian logistics melanie miller 6 the womens institute for supply chain excellence 8 raising the profile of professional logisticians. Effect of logistics management practices on operational. Humanitarian logistics is a critical element of an effective disaster relief process and this therefore has led to a focus on humanitarian logistics. Failure to identify this need would have led to serious disruptions in the humanitarian aid process. Considered a strong method for exploratory investigations, case study research has become part of the mainstream approach, particularly in the field of humanitarian logistics hl and supply chain management. A certification programme for those working in humanitarian logistics dorothea carvalho 10 logistics operational guide. Although logistics has been mostly utilized in commercial supply chains, it is also an important tool in disaster relief operations.
Complete identification of the study teams may be found in each study report. The success or failure of many humanitarian operations relies on understanding and addressing the issues and. Review and case study of zimbabwean experiences coordinate its services and requirements with other humanitarian and nonhumanitarian agencies in zimbabwe unjlc, 2008. This study was carried out to identify the challenges facing humanitarian supply chain. The search for faster, efficient and effective operations of this logistics contributes to the support to be developed. In humanitarian actions, delays in delivery or relief can cost lives. Managing humanitarian logistics download ebook pdf, epub. Humanitarian logistics is a branch of logistics which specializes in organizing the delivery and warehousing of supplies during natural disasters or complex emergencies to the affected area and people. The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework for crafting case study research in hl. Logistics plays a key role in disaster response operations. Review and case study of zimbabwean experiences operations can be required in many challenging places, causing the corporate sector and businesses to back off, because there is no business case and the costs are tremendous. The main aim of this study is exploring more in depth the partnership between profit and nonprofit in emergency relief operations, with a specific attention to the crosslearning potential for both the logistics service provider profit and the humanitarian.
Issue 3 2019 research methods in humanitarian logistics. Case studies in humanitarian logistics research emerald insight. Pdf identifying challenges in humanitarian logistics. Humanitarian logistics is defined as the process of planning, implementing and controlling the effi. A case study international federation of red cross and red crescent societies ifrc the international federation of red cross and red crescent societies ifrc was created in 1919. Section 4 discusses the humanitarian logistics decision making process. The role of the humanitarian logistics in the kiss. The mit humanitarian supply chain lab develops humanitarian leaders through graduate coursework, practical projects and simulation training. We examine how design and implementation practices for supply chain performance management that have proven successful in commercial organisations apply to humanitarian. Download pdf humanitarianlogistics free online new books. Global response to humanitarian logistics conference amer daoudi, director of the world food programmes logistics division, makes a point at the humanitarian logistics conference. Prepositioning of food aid in humanitarian logistics. Considering the need to quickly prepare humanitarian operations in response to a disaster, this paper presents an analysis of the logistics procedures adopted for the distribution of emergency reliefs in four major international disasters. A discussion comparing the scientific evidence and data from the kiss nightclub case is presented.
Aug 06, 2018 considered a strong method for exploratory investigations, case study research has become part of the mainstream approach, particularly in the field of humanitarian logistics hl and supply chain management. This study contributes to the field of humanitarian logistics, using a theoretical model in a real case and it demonstrated its applicability. Graduate coursework is concentrated in logistics and supply chain management. Involving up to 80% of humanitarian organisations operational budgets1, logistics are often the most complex element of an emergency relief operation. As the world food programme wfp enters into its final. Humanitarian logistics and relief supply chain management is a relatively new area of. Compared with the studies on commercial distribution centres, less research has been conducted for humanitarian logistics distribution centres. Feb 02, 2017 humanitarian logistics vol 5 issue 2 1. To this end, this research will provide a comparatively novel and meaningful work in humanitarian relief logistics.
Case studies in humanitarian logistics research emerald. Collaboration as a tool for driving supply chain efficiencies in the contemporary humanitarian era. Hla is the worlds first association dedicated to humanitarian logisticians, with over 2,500 members including over 25 ngos and corporate suppliers. Hla membership shows your commitment to your career. Pedraza martinez, insead orla stapleton, insead luk n. Presentations hhl2018 10th annual conference on health. Click download or read online button to get managing humanitarian logistics book now. Van wassenhove, insead abstract transportation is the second largest overhead cost to humanitarian organizations after personnel. Review and case study of zimbabwean experiences coordinate its services and requirements with other humanitarian and non humanitarian agencies in zimbabwe unjlc, 2008. Logistics microplatforms as points of supply in case of a disaster. Journal of humanitarian logistics and supply chain management available volumes and issues. It will take variables and environmental parameters as input to obtain a specific output objective 2. Unicef humanitarian situation responses, 2005 2016 i does not include responses where unicef does not have a country office, such as in parts of europe.
Case study of zimbabwean introduction when humanitarian disasters occur, organisations respond by delivering aid to people in need. Case study summary the effect of ifrc regional logistics concept on the efficiency of relief item delivery for the population affected by the yogyakarta earthquake in may 2006 objective of this paper ifrc logistics department has recently concluded an 8 month projecti designed to produce a better. Download humanitarianlogistics ebook pdf or read online books in pdf, epub. A tool created by and for humanitarian organisations 12 the case for female humanitarian logisticians. The hla is empowering humanitarian logisticians to deliver emergency relief more effectively. Enhancing australias civil military capabilities to prevent, prepare for, and respond to conflict disasters overseas. Humanitarian logistics and supply chain managementa qualitative study. Several of the studies commissioned substudies that are also identified in the respective study report. Section 3 describes the supply chain structure and operation in disaster relief. The research carried out in this work consists of a case study with children with. Improving civilmilitary coordination in humanitarian. Insights on the costs of humanitarian logistics a case study analysis there are significant. The theory section includes chapters that examine the partner proliferation problem in disaster response networks. One of the biggest hurdles to overcome in humanitarian relief supply chain is the huge uncertainty in demand and supply as well as the assessment of the needs accompanied by time pressure to supply on time.
The logistics model itself work will serve as a proxy for the real system. May 23, 2016 as described by the united nations joint logistics centre unjlc, humanitarian logistics during emergencies requires delivery of the appropriate supplies in good condition, when and where they are needed a wide range of transport, often improvised at the local level limited, rapid, and specific deliveries from outside the area affected a. Jul 24, 2009 this was the case for the united nations joint logistics center unjlc in iraq where the local team forecasted fuel shortages in the country even before all the humanitarian agencies were deployed. United nations human refugee council unhrc has estimated more than 1 billion of people are in need of humanitarian relief and this number is ever increasing despite the efforts from various governments. Journal of humanitarian logistics and supply chain management. Journal of humanitarian logistics and supply chain. It is the largest humanitarian organization in existence today, regrouping 186 autonomous national societies nss which it assists in. Efficiency in logistics is a key success factor because it ensures the proper flow of goods and services in a complex supply chain. In the immediate aftermath of any disaster, these supplies include items that are vital for survival, such as food, water, temporary shelter and medicine.
Activities on collaborative networks that are beneficial to humanitarian logistics are also suggested. Australian red cross, canadian red cross, swedish red cross, international federation of red cross and red crescent societies key messages from this case study n this study indicates that a significant share of the greenhouse gas ghg emissions of humanitarian operations occur from logistics, as transporting. An analysis of the data is carried by taha operations. Creating and implementing complicated logistics solutions and dealing with the last leg. Disasters are on the rise, more complex, and donor support is increasingly unpredictable. By using a multiple case research design we study field vehicle fleet management in 4 large international humanitarian organizations iho.
This paper discusses the evolution of supply chain management in disaster relief and the role of new players like the private sector. Therefore, efficiency in logistics is a key success factor, because it ensures the smooth flow of goods and services in a complex supply chain. Humanitarian logistics has received increasing interest both from logistics academics and practitioners as a result of the dramatic increase in both natural and manmade disasters. Enabling disaster response, fritz institute 4 most global humanitarian organizations engage in a mix of development and relief activities 4. Pdf case studies in humanitarian logistics research researchgate.
The research carried out in this work consists of a. Thus, if we cannot stop it, we can at least alleviate their victims through an efficient humanitarian logistics chain. Insights on the costs of humanitarian logistics a case study analysis. Study on international humanitarian transport, logistics and. The basic task of humanitarian logistics comprises acquiring and delivering requested supplies and services, at the places and times they are needed, whilst ensuring best value for money. This study seeks to use primary and secondary information to inform decisionmaking in humanitarian logistics with possible lessons for neighbouring countries, other regions in africa and beyond. Humanitarian logistics and humanitarian supply chain. Pdf case studies in humanitarian logistics research. Supply chain challenges faced therefore worsen humanitarian operations creating a lot of uncertainty among humanitarian organizations. Tatham ed, cdrom, proceedings of the international humanitarian logistics symposium, uk. Nevertheless, similar to other logistics and scmrelated fields, rigor is not at its best.909 91 550 426 90 1334 1061 1254 1294 750 1180 1095 340 313 190 675 313 16 757 1253 421 1037 532 1148 919 1446 464 136 1169 527 958 1224 1164 1155