The blacklip pearl oyster, pinctada margaritifera linnaeus, is one of the three valuable species of pearl oyster for the cultured pearl industry of the world, the other two being p. Pinctada margaritifera, commonly known as the blacklip pearl oyster, is a species of pearl oyster, a saltwater mollusk, a marine bivalve mollusk in the family pteriidae. The mechanical properties such as compressive strength and nanohardness were investigated for pinctada margaritifera mollusk shells. In recent times, depending on the area, it has been generally known as pinctada imbricata central america and australia, pinctada radiata persian gulf, red sea, mediterranean sea, pinctada vulgaris sri lanka, and pinctada fucata japan, india, eastern pacific ocean. Ocean currents and seascape features influence genetic structure across the 18,000 km indopacific distribution of a marine invertebrate, the blacklip pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera. Its greatest abundance and region of greatest exploitation, however, are in the atoll lagoons of the central pacific gervis and sims, 1992 and the majority of population genetic surveys have been undertaken in this region. Thickness thk and total weight twt were studied from 458. Gonad transcriptome analysis of pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera. Color polymorphism in the nacre of pteriomorphian bivalves is of great interest for the pearl culture industry. Bell iclarm the world fish center po box 500 gpo 10670 penang malaysia i.
Ranson 1961 put pinctada fucata and other species in the synonymy of p. Cultured pearl farming and the production in the federal states of micronesia. Pdf existence, growth and reproduction of pearl oyster pinctada. New anonymous nuclear dna markers for the pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera and other pinctada species. Abstract this study was conducted to confirm the existence, morphological and biological attributes. To achieve this goal, a better understanding of the complex mechanisms related to nacre and pearl formation is. Identification of genes associated with shell color in the. Media in category pinctada the following 32 files are in this category, out of 32 total.
Existence, growth and reproduction of pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera in. Black pearl farming is based on culture of the blacklip pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera mollusca, lophotrochozoa, a protandrous hermaphrodite species. Genetic variance was evaluated at different levels, 1 before the graft operation expression in graft tissue, 2 after grafting pearl sac tissue expression in. Costbenefit analysis of two culture methods that influence. Gias bangkok laboratory examined the internal and spectroscopic features of 120 cultured pearl samples, all stated to be nonbeadcultured pearls of tahitian origin.
Pinctada margaritifera ranges across the indian and pacificoceans see section 2. Pinctada margaritifera farming in fiji ram ej and kalla a correspondence. The pearl industry in french polynesia is based on exploitation of natural stocks of the blacklip pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera. Biomineralisation nacre pearls pigments pinctada margaritifera black pearls grey pearls.
Production and growout of the blacklip pearl oyster. Larval and juvenile rearing of blacklip pearl oyster, pinctada. Producing pearls using the blacklip pearl oyster pinctada. The blacklip pearl oyster, pinctada margaritifera linnaeus, has been cultured in the exper imental shellfish hatchery at tuticorin, india. May 14, 2018 pinctada margaritifera pearl oysters n 120, obtained in the wild and used as recipient, were grafted at a commercial pearl farm operated by the pahai poe company on the atoll of apataki. Existence, growth and reproduction of pearl oyster.
Phenome of pearl quality traits in the mollusc transplant. Media in category pinctada margaritifera the following 1 files are in this category, out of 1 total. Opening and extracting pearls from farmed pearl oysters. Identification of genes associated with shell color in the blacklipped pearl oyster, pinctada margaritifera sarah lemer1,2, denis saulnier3, yannick gueguen3,4 and serge planes1 background.
The genus pinctada, roding 1798 the family pteriidae is composed of nine or ten genera, and pearls belonging to the pinctada and pteria genera are the most important. The blacklip pearl oyster, pinctada margaritifera is widely distributed in indopacific region and has prime importance in the production of black pearls. Pinctada margaritifera noun the noun pinctada margaritifera has 1 sense 1. Improvements in pearl quality need genetic studies to improve the populations. Effects of body size on suspension feeding and energy budgets of the pearl oysters pinctada margaritifera and p. Pinctada margaritifera blacklipped pearl oyster shells together with a selection of cultured pearls reportedly originating from the mollusk. Cultured pearls are unique gems produced by living organisms, mainly molluscs of the pinctada genus, through the biomineralization properties of pearl sac tissue. In order to understand growth features of pearl oysters in the genus pinctada, i. The samples were collected from around coral colony bases from the shore bays of the city of mukalla, broom and bir ali islands through the period september 2009november 2010. The major pearl producing nations are australia and french polynesia and, although reliable methods for hatchery culture of pearl oysters were developed in the 1980s and 1990s, pearl production in these countries still relies primarily on oysters.
Its distribution range includes the red sea, the arabian sea, the persian gulf, india, sri lanka. Existence, growth and reproduction of pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera in hadhramout coastgulf of aden. Evolutionary patterns in pearl oysters of the genus. This is followed by a round nucleus, which is pushed onto the mantle tissue so that they touch. The combined effects of temperature and salinity on. Approximate distribution of the blacklip pearl oyster, pinctada margaritifera pale gray, and the panamanian. Pinctada maxima is one of the most soughtafter species. Studies on bottom mollusca gastropods and bivalves in aboukir bay. In other countries, pearl oysters are cultured using panel pocket nets that are more expensive than chaplets but afford more protection to. Pinctada margaritifera is the type species of the genus pinctada designated by iredale, 1915 and is the oldest valid pearl oyster name. Black pearl farming is based on culture of the blacklip pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera mollusca, lophotrochozoa, a.
The compressive strength was evaluated through a uniaxial static compression test performed along the load directions parallel and perpendicular to the shell axis, respectively, while the hardness and young modulus were measured using nanoindentation. The biometric relationships between dorsoventral measurement dvm and hinge length hl. Pinctada fucata, pinctada margaritifera, and pinctada sugillata in taiwan, a total of 3062 wild individuals of these species from juvenile to adult were collected monthyly from march 2001 to april 2002 in jukeng, pingtung county, southwest taiwan. Whole transcriptome sequencing and biomineralization gene. Pinctada margaritifera is a widely distributed indopacific species fig. Growth of wild pearl oysters pinctada fucata, pinctada. Growth patterns of the pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera l. Pdf individual pinctada margaritifera molluscs were collected from the takapoto atoll tuamotu archipelago, french polynesia and. Distribution, recruitment, and growth ofthe blacklippearl oyster, pinctada margaritifera, in kaneohe bay, oahu, hawaii1 s. Gametogenic cycle and reproductive effort of the tropical blacklip pearl oyster, pinctada margaritifera bivalvia. Pdf viruslike particles in pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera.
The bivalve pinctada margaritifera exhibits three main transplant phenotypes derived from the donor from which a mantle graft tissue, the saibo, is excised, the recipient into which the saibo. Growth of the blacklip pearl oyster, pinctada margaritifera, at nine. Pinctada margaritifera used as a noun is very rare. The authors note that the various spectra and internal structures recorded in the study will provide valuable reference data on nbc pearls. Crossing phenotype heritability and candidate gene expression. Pronunciation of pinctada margaritifera with 2 audio pronunciations, 2 synonyms and more for pinctada margaritifera. Pinctada margaritifera using farmed donor families. To achieve this goal, a better understanding of the complex mechanisms related to nacre and pearl. Pinctada margaritifera synonyms, pinctada margaritifera pronunciation, pinctada margaritifera translation, english dictionary definition of pinctada margaritifera. A pearl oyster can be seen on the reverse side of the 1,000peso note of the philippines.
Pinctada definition of pinctada by the free dictionary. Pinctada margaritifera pearl oysters n 120, obtained in the wild and used as recipient, were grafted at a commercial pearl farm operated by the pahai poe company on the atoll of apataki. Spawning and larval culture of the pearl oyster pinctada. This is partly due to independent geographical discoveries that were later found to be the same oyster. Effect of shell color and nursery depth on the growth. Pdf transcriptome and proteome analysis of pinctada. Pinctada margaritifera an overview sciencedirect topics. Pinctada margaritifera appears polyphyletic with specimens from mauritius grouping in a different clade from others of the french polynesia and japan. Pinctada margaritifera definition of pinctada margaritifera.
Low energy cost for cultured pearl formation in grafted. Published in journal of gemmological association of hong kong gahk, 2017, 38, 3224. This pearl oyster is a protandric species, in which the sex ratio normally is biased toward males. The combined effects of temperature and salinity on embryos and larvae of the blacklip pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera l. In india, its natural occurrence is confined to the andaman and nicobar islands. Biometric relationships of the blacklip pearl oyster. Viruslike particles in pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera. The combined effects of temperature and salinity on embryos. Pdf new anonymous nuclear dna markers for the pearl. Indirect improvement of pearl grade and shape in farmed. Mantle histology, histochemistry and ultrastructure of the. Nonbeadcultured pearls from pinctada margaritifera. Pinctada margaritifera tropical marine bivalve found chiefly off eastern asia and pacific coast of north america and central america.
Aug 01, 2011 the pearl industry in french polynesia is based on exploitation of natural stocks of the blacklip pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera. They are cultured widely primarily in the central and eastern indopacific. Pinctada synonyms, pinctada pronunciation, pinctada translation, english dictionary definition of pinctada. Apr 30, 2018 the results appear to indicate that these nbc pearls were cultured in pinctada margaritifera mollusks, or at least were formed from mantle that incorporated the genes of this mollusk. Producing pearls using the blacklip pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera page 4 center for tropical and subtropical aquaculture publication number 141 december 1999 pearl oyster, through a small incision made by the technician. Most showed spectral features that suggest they were produced by the pinctada margaritifera mollusk, though some were beadcultured pearls were mixed in with the samples. The blacklip pearl oyster, pinctada margaritifera, has a wide geographic range.
Anisotropy of mechanical properties of pinctada margaritifera. Stocks of hawaiian blacklippearl oysters, pinetada margariti fera linnaeus, 1758, appear to have been depleted by overfishing and environ. Regarding the putative species complex pinctada fucatapinctada. Pdf family effect on cultured pearl quality in blacklipped pearl. Pinctada margaritifera naturally inhabits coral reef waters which can be oligotrophy and low in turbidity.
Distribution, recruitment, and growth ofthe blacklippearl. Gametogenic cycle and reproductive effort of the tropical blacklip. Pinctada margaritifera noun the noun pinctada margaritifera has 1 sense. Pinctada pearl oysters genus pinctada mollusk genus a genus of mollusks family pteriidae, pteriidae pearl oysters pearl oyster, pinctada. A new report from gias bangkok laboratory, nonbeadcultured pearls from pinctada margaritifera, examines a set of 120 nbc samples stated to be of tahitian origin. Growth patterns of the pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera. There is little disagreement on the identity of the species in the present, but the intraspecific variation found among and within populations of this widely distributed species have raised a possibility that. Determination of gender in the pearl oyster pinctada. Pdf whole transcriptome sequencing and biomineralization. A pearl oyster can be seen on the reverse side of the 1,000peso note of the philippines species of commercial value.
Existence, growth and reproduction of pearl oyster pinctada. In this study, the heritability of phenotypic variation and its association with gene expression were investigated for the first time during pinctada margaritifera pearl production. This species is common in the indopacific within tropical coral reefs. Gonad transcriptome analysis of pearl oyster pinctada. Pinctada history and discovery historically there is a large amount of duplication among the names of pearl producing mollusks. The nacreous layer of the polynesian blacklipped pearl oyster pinctada margaritifera exhibits a large array of color variation among individuals including reflections of blue, green, yellow and pink in all possible gradients. Print iconographia zoologica special collections university of amsterdam ubainv0274 075 11 0005.
Crossing phenotype heritability and candidate gene. Strong genetic isolation of the blacklipped pearl oyster pinctada. South sea pearls from blacklipped pinctada margaritifera due to availability of pinctada margaritifera all over the indopacific region, it is cultured in tahiti, cook islands, new caledonia, fiji, the marshall islands, indonesia, the philippines, the ryukyu islands, as well as in the pescadores islands. Gray to black pearls from the pinctada margaritifera blacklipped pearl oyster bivalves are commonly referred to in the market as tahitian pearls figure 1. Encrusted pinctada maxima pearlshell situated in a garden bottom of sponges, corals and bedrock. In other countries, pearl oysters are cultured using panel pocket nets that are more expensive than chaplets but afford more protection to cultured oysters. Larval and juvenile rearing of blacklip pearl oyster. Pinctada margaritifera has been cultivated into a major commercial species for the pearl industry.127 621 508 1006 493 1095 892 326 668 1218 1067 907 1049 990 487 753 1426 330 1501 1496 1222 470 1383 105 415 1142 1032 547 325 546 479 869 1001 630 1204